Monday, April 21, 2014

More from Savernake ...

Nothing to add to Matthew's excellent report - just a few additional photos, including a laggard; a 3rd instar larva that has yet to recommence feeding, as well as an alternative view of the larva that has just changed into its 4th and penultimate instar. Savernake is also alive with Orange-tip and Green-veined White, and the main entrance to the forest has the most incredible patch of Cuckooflower I've ever seen. A wonderful place!

3rd instar larva that has yet to recommence feeding

3rd instar larva

3rd instar larva about to moult

4th instar larva, having just moulted

A Purple hat ribbon for a purple day :)

Racing Ahead...

Visited the Savernake Forest area with Pete Eeles today, to check on larval progress.  The news is that they are romping ahead, and are currently even more advanced than they were at this time in 2011 - a ridiculously early year in which the adults started to emerge in mid June.  Do Not Panic yet, as the jet stream's just jumped south and the larvae should get held up by rain, but watch this space: you may need to bring your annual Emperoring holidays forward - warn the boss...

Today, two out of 18 larvae had just changed into the 4th instar.  This is quite the earliest I've recorded 4th instar larvae in the wild in five years' recording.  Here's the proof, it's No. 213 -

Note the old skin just beneath him, and the new, large horns.

In 2011, another very early year, they changed into the 4th instar in late April.  Usually 4th instar larvae appear in early May.  Last year, after a late spring, 4th instar larvae didn't appear before mid May.

Several were skin changing today, like this one, No. 111 -

Also, the one below will change skin soon, it's No. 198 -

Conversely, three haven't started feeding yet, which is not unusual at this time of year (none had commenced feeding this time last year).  This includes No. 151 who had to be pet-rescued - his sallow tree was felled during the winter, he survived but the tree isn't coming into leaf...

Unfortunately, three larvae which Pete and I had followed closely since last September have recently died, shrivelled up, desiccated.  This happens quite frequently in captivity in late winter / early spring but I've only recorded three wild larvae succumbing in the previous four years.  Please stand in silence and weep copiously for No. 40 - 

Finally, in case you make the horrendous mistake of underestimating the strength and durability of caterpillar silk, here is one of last September's Purple Emperor larval feeding leaves found still attached to its tree in Savernake today, by silk, having survived the winter's gales -

Whatever mistakes you make in life Do Not Underestimate A Caterpillar (Erucam Nunquam Minoris Aestomate).  No. 198, featured above, had crawled ca 4.5m from his hibernation place to where he is feeding now - bad for someone 1cm long, though I have recorded them move as far as 6m post-hibernation.

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

Friday, April 4, 2014

Sequence Complete: Predicted Structure

Yet another Purple Empire world exclusive. With sequence now complete, I present the predicted structure of the Pheromone Binding Protein (PBP) of Apatura iris.

We're off!

Iris larvae have started to feed in the wild.  The first probably started on April 1st, maybe at the end of March.  Either way, this is by far the earliest I've recorded them starting to feed in the wild, though in the early spring of 2011 a couple started around April 7th.  The other start dates in my five year study sequence are 18th April 2010, and circa 23rd April in 2012 and 2013. 

Here is some proof, photographed today -

Most are in this poise, below, waiting for their leaf bud to open (I'm particularly proud of this photo) -

A lot of breeding trees are now coming into leaf - unusually early.

If things carry on at this rate the butterfly will be out very early this year.  Watch this space: you may have to bring your holidays forward...